A woman, when she is in labor, has sorrow because her hour has come; but as soon as she has given birth to the child, she no longer remembers the anguish, for joy that a human being has been born into the world. Therefore you now have sorrow; but I will see you again and your heart will rejoice, and your joy no one will take from you.
Background: Jesus Christ has just prophesied to the disciples about His death, burial and resurrection.
Can a man experience the anguish before childbirth? No, but the disciples would experience the change from anguish to joy when they would see the resurrected Christ!
Background: Paul speaks to the Romans about old ways that we had before salvation.
What should a believer do in his new life? Obey righteousness: pleasing God counts now for eternity.
Why does Paul mention these negatives? It is a reminder that we’re not of the world and are hated by it.
Background: The early Church in Thessalonica was strongly persecuted by unbelievers who forced Paul to leave for Berea in his 2nd missionary journey in 51 AD. He sent Timothy back to check.
What was Paul’s distress and what comforted him? Continued persecution distressed him, but the news of the Thessalonian Church standing firm in their faith brought him comfort.
Background: Paul brought the gospel to Galatia during his 1st missionary journey in 49 AD. No legal requirement, such as circumcision or keeping the law was included: only faith in Christ’s finished work.
What was the perverted gospel? Faith in Christ plus works of the law is salvation.